FOR508: Advanced Digital Forensics, Incident Response, and Threat Hunting
I have already used several of the tools/techniques from the course with past-case evidence to uncover things I did not previously know.
Dave Ockwell-Jenner, SITA
Come prepared to learn a lot.
Todd Black Lee, The Golden 1 Credit Union
ADVANCED THREATS ARE IN YOUR NETWORK - IT'S TIME TO GO HUNTING!
FOR508: Advanced Incident Response and Threat Hunting Course will help you to:
- Detect how and when a breach occurred
- Identify compromised and affected systems
- Determine what attackers took or changed
- Contain and remediate incidents
- Develop key sources of threat intelligence
- Hunt down additional breaches using knowledge of the adversary
DAY 0: A 3-letter government agency contacts you to say an advanced threat group is targeting organizations like yours, and that your organization is likely a target. They won't tell how they know, but they suspect that there are already several breached systems within your enterprise. An advanced persistent threat, aka an APT, is likely involved. This is the most sophisticated threat that you are likely to face in your efforts to defend your systems and data, and these adversaries may have been actively rummaging through your network undetected for months or even years.
This is a hypothetical situation, but the chances are very high that hidden threats already exist inside your organization's networks. Organizations can't afford to believe that their security measures are perfect and impenetrable, no matter how thorough their security precautions might be. Prevention systems alone are insufficient to counter focused human adversaries who know how to get around most security and monitoring tools.
The key is to constantly look for attacks that get past security systems, and to catch intrusions in progress, rather than after attackers have completed their objectives and done worse damage to the organization. For the incident responder, this process is known as "threat hunting". Threat hunting uses known adversary behaviors to proactively examine the network and endpoints in order to identify new data breaches.
Threat hunting and Incident response tactics and procedures have evolved rapidly over the past several years. Your team can no longer afford to use antiquated incident response and threat hunting techniques that fail to properly identify compromised systems, provide ineffective containment of the breach, and ultimately fail to rapidly remediate the incident. Incident response and threat hunting teams are the keys to identifying and observing malware indicators and patterns of activity in order to generate accurate threat intelligence that can be used to detect current and future intrusions.
This in-depth incident response and threat hunting course provides responders and threat hunting teams with advanced skills to hunt down, identify, counter, and recover from a wide range of threats within enterprise networks, including APT nation-state adversaries, organized crime syndicates, and hactivism. Constantly updated, FOR508: Advanced Incident Response and Threat Hunting addresses today's incidents by providing hands-on incident response and threat hunting tactics and techniques that elite responders and hunters are successfully using to detect, counter, and respond to real-world breach cases.
The course uses a hands-on enterprise intrusion lab - modeled after a real-world targeted APT attack on an enterprise network and based on APT group tactics to target a network - to lead you to challenges and solutions via extensive use of the SIFT Workstation collection of tools.
During the intrusion and threat hunting lab exercises, you will identify where the initial targeted attack occurred and how the adversary is moving laterally through multiple compromised systems. You will also extract and create crucial cyber threat intelligence that can help you properly scope the compromise and detect future breaches.
During a targeted attack, an organization needs the best incident response team in the field. FOR508: Advanced Incident Response and Threat Hunting will train you and your team to respond, detect, scope, and stop intrusions and data breaches.
GATHER YOUR INCIDENT RESPONSE TEAM -
IT'S TIME TO GO HUNTING
FOR508 Incident Response and Threat Hunting Course Topics
- Advanced use of a wide range of best-of-breed open-source tools in the SIFT Workstation to perform incident response and digital forensics.
- Hunting and responding to advanced adversaries such as nation-state actors, organized crime, and hacktivists.
- Threat hunting techniques that will aid in quicker identification of breaches.
- Rapid incident response analysis and breach assessment.
- Incident response and intrusion forensics methodology.
- Remote and enterprise incident response system analysis.
- Windows live incident response.
- Memory analysis during incident response and threat hunting.
- Detailed instruction on Windows enterprise credentials and how they are compromised.
- Internal lateral movement analysis and detection.
- Rapid and deep-dive timeline creation and analysis.
- Volume shadow copy exploitation for hunting threats and incident response.
- Detection of anti-forensics and adversary hiding techniques.
- Discovery of unknown malware on a system.
- Adversary threat intelligence development, indicators of compromise, and usage.
- Cyber-kill chain strategies.
- Step-by-step tactics and procedures to respond to and investigate intrusion cases
|FOR508.1: Advanced Incident Response & Threat Hunting|
There are ways to gain an advantage against the adversaries targeting you -- it starts with the right mindset and knowing what works.
Incident responders and threat hunters should be armed with the latest tools, memory analysis techniques, and enterprise methodologies to identify, track, and contain advanced adversaries and to remediate incidents. Incident response and threat hunting analysts must be able to scale their analysis across thousands of systems in their enterprise. This section examines the six-step incident response methodology as it applies to an enterprise's response to a targeted attack. We will show the importance of developing security intelligence to impact the adversaries' "kill chain". We will also demonstrate live response techniques and tactics that can be applied to a single system and across the entire enterprise.
Enterprise scanning techniques are now a requirement to track targeted attacks by an APT group or organized crime syndicates that can rapidly propagate through hundreds of systems. Responding to this many systems cannot be accomplished using the standard "pull the hard drive" forensic examination methodology. Such an approach will alert the adversaries that you are aware of them and may allow them to adapt quickly and exfiltrate sensitive information in response.
Students will receive a full six-month license of F-Response Enterprise Edition, enabling them to use their workstation or the SIFT workstation to connect to hundreds or thousands of systems in the enterprise. This capability is used to benchmark, facilitate, and demonstrate new incident response technologies that enable a responder to look for indicators of compromise across the entire enterprise.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
|FOR508.2: Memory Forensics in Incident Response & Threat Hunting|
During an intrusion, using memory analysis sometimes feels like cheating - finding active malware shouldn't be this easy.
Now a critical component of many incident response and threat hunting teams that detect advanced threats in their organization, memory forensics has come a long way in just a few years. Memory forensics can be extraordinarily effective at finding evidence of worms, rootkits, and advanced malware used by an APT group of attackers. Traditionally, memory analysis was solely the domain of Windows internals experts, but the recent development of new tools makes it accessible today to anyone, especially incident responders and threat hunters. Better interfaces, documentation, and built-in detection heuristics have greatly leveled the playing field. This extremely popular section will introduce some of the most capable tools available and give you a solid foundation to add core and advanced memory forensic skills to your incident response and forensics capabilities.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
|FOR508.3: Intrusion Forensics|
Attackers are sloppy - they leave footprints everywhere. Learn the secrets of the best hunters.
Cyber defenders have a wide variety of tools and artifacts available to identify, hunt, and track adversary activity in a network. Each attacker's action leaves a corresponding artifact, and understanding what is left behind as footprints can be critical to both red and blue team members. Attacks follow a predictable pattern, and we focus our detective efforts on immutable portions of that pattern. As an example, at some point an attacker will need to run code to accomplish its objectives. We can identify this activity via application execution artifacts. The attacker will also need one or more accounts to run code. Consequently, account auditing is a powerful means of identifying malicious actions. An attacker also needs a means to move throughout the network, so we look for artifacts left by the relatively small number of ways there are to accomplish this part of their mission. In this section, we cover common attacker tradecraft and discuss the various data sources and forensic tools you can use to identify malicious activity in the enterprise.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
|FOR508.4: Timeline Analysis|
Timeline analysis will change the way you approach digital forensics, threat hunting, and incident response...forever.
Learn advanced incident response and hunting techniques uncovered via timeline analysis directly from the authors who pioneered timeline analysis tradecraft. Temporal data are located everywhere on a computer system. Filesystem modified/access/creation/change times, log files, network data, registry data, and Internet history files all contain time data that can be correlated into critical analysis to successfully solve cases. Pioneered by Rob Lee in 2001, timeline analysis has become a critical incident response, hunting, and forensics technique. New timeline analysis frameworks provide the means to conduct simultaneous examinations of a multitude of time-based artifacts. The analysis that once took days now takes minutes.
This section will step you through the two primary methods of building and analyzing timelines created during advanced incident response, threat hunting, and forensic cases. Exercises will show analysts how to create a timeline and also how to introduce the key methods to help you use those timelines effectively in your cases.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
|FOR508.5: Incident Response & Hunting Across the Enterprise | Advanced Adversary & Anti-Forensics Detection|
Advanced adversaries are good. We must be better.
Over the years, we have observed that many incident responders and threat hunters have a challenging time finding threats without pre-built indicators of compromise or threat intelligence gathered before a breach. This is especially true in APT adversary intrusions. This advanced session will demonstrate techniques used by first responders to identify malware or forensic artifacts when very little information exists about their capabilities or hidden locations. We will discuss techniques to help funnel possibilities down to the candidates most likely to be evil malware trying to hide on the system.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
|FOR508.6: The APT Incident Response Challenge|
This incredibly rich and realistic enterprise intrusion exercise is based on a real-world advanced persistent threat (APT) group. It brings together techniques learned earlier in the course and tests your newly acquired skills in a case that simulates an attack by an advanced adversary. The challenge brings it all together using a real intrusion into a complete Windows enterprise environment. You will be asked to uncover how the systems were compromised in the initial intrusion, find other systems the adversary moved to laterally, and identify intellectual property stolen via data exfiltration. You will walk out of the course with hands-on experience investigating realistic attacks, curated by a cadre of instructors with decades of experience fighting advanced threats from attackers ranging from nation-states to financial crime syndicates and hactivist groups.
CPE/CMU Credits: 6
IDENTIFICATION AND SCOPING:
1. How and when did the APT group breach our network?
2. List all compromised systems by IP address and specific evidence of compromise.
3. When and how did the attackers first laterally move to each system?
CONTAINMENT AND THREAT INTELLIGENCE GATHERING:
4. How and when did the attackers obtain domain administrator credentials?
5. Once on other systems, what did the attackers look for on each system?
6. Find extracted email from executive accounts and perform damage assessment.
7. Determine what was stolen: Recover any .rar files or other archives exfiltrated, find encoding passwords, and extract the contents to verify extracted data.
8. Collect and list all malware used in the attack.
9. Develop and present security intelligence or an indicator of compromise for the APT-group "beacon" malware for both host- and network-based enterprise scoping. What specific indicators exist for the use of this malware?
REMEDIATION AND RECOVERY
10. Do we need to change the passwords for every user in the domain or just the ones affected by the systems compromised?
11. Based on the attacker techniques and tools discovered during the incident, what are the recommended steps to remediate and recover from this incident?
a. What systems need to be rebuilt?
b. What IP addresses need to be blocked?
c. What countermeasures should we deploy to slow or stop these attackers if they come back?
d. What recommendations would you make to detect these intruders in our network again?
!!!!! IMPORTANT - BRING YOUR SYSTEM CONFIGURED USING THESE DIRECTIONS !!!!!
As your core operating system, you can use any 64-bit version of Windows, Apple OS X, or Linux that also can install and run VMware virtualization products.
It is critical that your CPU and operating system support 64-bit so that our 64-bit guest virtual machine will run on your laptop. VMware provides a free tool for Windows and Linux that will detect whether your host supports 64-bit guest virtual machines. For further troubleshooting, this article provides good instructions for Windows users to determine more about the CPU and OS capabilities.
Please download and install VMware Workstation 11 or VMware Fusion 7 or higher versions on your system before class beginning. If you do not own a licensed copy of VMware Workstation or Fusion, you can download a free 30-day trial copy from VMware. VMware will send you a time-limited serial number if you register for the trial at their website.
2. Download and install on your Windows host: 7Zip
4. If you use Apple OSX, you must bring a Microsoft Windows Virtual Machine (Win7 or higher) to class
If you have additional questions about the laptop specifications, please contact email@example.com.
|Who Should Attend|
FOR508 is an advanced incident response and threat hunting course that focuses on detecting and responding to advanced persistent threats and organized crime threat groups. We do not cover the introduction or basics of incident response, Windows digital forensics, or hacker techniques in this course.
|What You Will Receive|
|FOR508 Incident Response and Threat Hunting Training Will Prepare Your Team To:|
|Hands-on Advanced Persistent Threat Enterprise Intrusion Lab|
One of the biggest complaints you hear in the digital forensics, threat hunting, and incident response community is the lack of realistic intrusion data. Most real-world intrusion data are simply too sensitive to be shared.
The FOR508 course authors created a realistic scenario based on experiences surveyed from a panel of responders who regularly combat targeted APT attacks. They helped review and guide the targeted attack "script" used to create the scenario. The result is an incredibly rich and realistic attack scenario across multiple enterprise systems. This APT attack lab forms the basis for training during the week. The network was set up to mimic a standard "protected" enterprise network using standard compliance checklists:
This exercise and challenge are used to show real adversary traces across host systems, system memory, hibernation/pagefiles, and more:
|Press & Reviews|
"THIS WAS PROBABLY THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE AND USEFUL OF ALL THE TRAINING I HAVE EVER RECEIVED BY SANS." - DoD Student, USAF
"THE SANS508 COURSE EXCEEDED MY EXPECTATIONS IN EVERY WAY. IT PROVIDED ME THE SKILLS, KNOWLEDGE, AND TOOLS TO EFFECTIVELY RESPOND TO AND HANDLE APTS AND OTHER ENTERPRISE WIDE THREATS." -Josh Moulin NSTEC/NNSA/DOE
"THE EXAMPLES IN THE COURSE RELATE TO WHAT I NEED TO KNOW TO DEAL WITH REAL WORLD THREATS." -Tim Weaver, Digital Mtn. Inc.
"I WAS SURPRISED AND AMAZED AT HOW EASY IT IS TO DO MEMORY ANALYSIS AND HOW HELPFUL IT IS." - Brian Dugay, Apple
"THE LEVEL OF DETAIL IS AMAZING. THE METHODOLOGY IS CLEARLY EFFECTIVE AT FINDING PERTINENT ARTIFACTS." - Anonymous
"I'VE TAKEN OTHER NETWORK INTRUSION CLASSES BUT NOTHING THIS IN-DEPTH. THE CLASS IS OUTSTANDING!" - Craig Goldsmith, FBI
"CUTTING EDGE EXPERTISE TAUGHT BY WORLD CLASS EXPERTS." -Joseph Murray, Deloitte
"I AM A DIFFERENT MAN AS A RESULT OF THIS COURSE." - Travis Farral, XTO Energy
"ABSOLUTELY ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE. TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE IS USEFUL, BUT THIS COURSE PROVIDES THE PRACTICAL SIDE OF A GROWING TREND." -Erik Musick, Arkansas State Police
"THIS IS A GREAT CLASS AND SHOULD BE MANDATORY FOR ANYONE IN THE FORENSIC FIELD. GREAT JOB, ROB!" -Mark Merchant, State of Alaska/State Security Office
"COME PREPARED TO LEARN A LOT." -Todd Black Lee, The Golden 1 Credit Union
"YOU CAN DELETE IT, HIDE IT, RENAME IT, BUT WE WILL FIND IT." -Edward Fuller, Department of Defense
"GREAT COURSE! THIS NOT ONLY HELPS ME IN FORENSICS BUT ALSO IN CREATING USE-CASES FOR OUR OTHER INTRUSION ANALYSIS TOOLS." -Joseph Murray, Deloitte
"IT IS HARD TO REALLY SAY SOMETHING THAT WILL PROPERLY CONVEY THE AMOUNT OF MENTAL GROWTH I HAVE EXPERIENCED THIS WEEK." -Travis Farral, XTI Energy
"EXCELLENT COURSE, INVALUABLE HANDS-ON EXPERIENCE TAUGHT BY PEOPLE WHO NOT ONLY KNOW THE TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES, BUT KNOW THEIR QUIRKINESS THROUGH PRACTICAL, REAL-WORLD EXPERIENCE." -John Alexander, US Army
"THIS COURSE (FOR508) REALLY TAKES YOU FROM 0-60 IN UNDERSTANDING THE CORE CONCEPTS OF FORENSICS, ESPECIALLY THE FILE SYSTEM." -Matthew Harvey, U.S. Department of Justice
"IF YOU NEED TO TRACK DOWN WHAT HAPPENED IN YOUR ENVIRONMENTS, THIS IS A MUST HAVE COURSE!" -Fran Moniz, American National Insurance
"THE CAPSTONE EXERCISE IS AWESOME, PUTS TRACKING THE APT INTO PRACTICE." -Gavin Worden, SD-LECC
"BEST FORENSICS TRAINING I'VE HAD SO FAR. I THOUGHT THE SOME OTHERS COURSES WERE GREAT BUT 508 IS A LOT MORE CURRENT AND APPLICABLE TO THE REAL WORLD! EXCELLENT COURSE AND INSTRUCTOR OVERALL!" -Marc Bleicher, Bit9
"THE MORE I PROGRESS THROUGH THE COURSE, THE MORE I REALIZE JUST HOW MUCH CAPACITY THERE IS TO PRODUCE ANSWERS TO TOUGH QUESTIONS. WHERE I MIGHT NOT HAVE FOUND SUPPORTING EVIDENCE IN PAST CASES, I FEEL I HAVE SO MANY NEW AVENUES TO EXPLORE. A REAL EYE-OPENER. I ALSO GREATLY APPRECIATE THE FOCUS ON INCIDENT RESPONSE." - Dave Ockwell-Jenner, SITA
"I HAVE ALREADY USED SEVERAL OF THE TOOLS/TECHNIQUES FROM THE COURSE WITH PAST-CASE EVIDENCE TO UNCOVER THINGS I DID NOT PREVIOUSLY KNOW." - Dave Ockwell-Jenner, SITA
"MY SOC FOCUSES A LOT ON INCIDENT RESPONSE AND QUICK FORENSICS, SO THE COURSE MATERIAL IS EXTREMELY VALUABLE." - Anonymous
"I ROUTINELY PERFORM LIVE MEMORY CAPTURES AND HAVE GONE THROUGH THEM LOOKING FOR THE OBVIOUS, BUT I HAD NO IDEA, UNTIL FOR508, HOW MANY ARTIFACTS ARE CONTAINED IN RAM." - M Scott Saul, FBI
"THE SANS INSTITUTE IS CURRENTLY THE LEADER IN THE COMMERCIAL IR AND COMPUTER FORENSIC TRAINING MARKET. THEY HAVE A LARGE NUMBER OF QUALITY COURSES." - Luttgens, Jason; Pepe, Matthew; Mandia, Kevin. Incident Response & Computer Forensics, Third Edition - July 2014
"YOU HAVE THE CONTENT WHICH IS CLOSE TO REAL WHEN YOU HAVE THE INSTRUCTOR THAT GOES INTO A LOT OF REAL WORLD EXAMPLES. JUST GREAT." - Anonymous
"FOR508 COMBINED WITH FOR572 SHOWS A COMPLETE PICTURE FROM DISK SIDE TO NETWORK SIDE." - Dow Shirley, Energy Solutions
"MOST IN-DEPTH, STATE OF THE ART IR COURSE I CAN IMAGINE. FIRST TIME I THINK DEFENSE CAN ACTUALLY GAIN AN ADVANTAGE. THANK YOU." - Kai Thomsen, AUDI AG
FULL REVIEW AND WRITE UP OF FOR508 BY DAVID NIDES, KPMG-
PRESS ARTICLES ABOUT THE NEW FOR508 COURSE:
Should I take SANS 408 or 508? (part 1) - http://digitalforensicstips.com/category/training_reviews/
SANS 508 Compared to 408 Part Two (part 2) - http://digitalforensicstips.com/2013/04/sans-508-compared-to-408-part-two-plus-a-side-of-610/